This is a pre-reading technique that integrates prediction,
summarization, vocabulary instruction and story frames.
The purpose is to
generate reading interest in text by getting students to predict the
plot outcome of a narrative or the main idea of expository text.
Probable Passage Template, Pencils, List of vocabulary words of the
particular text addressed.
1. Select important terms and concepts from text to be read.
Have the students categorize them according to the story
or the text. Narrative elements would include setting, characters,
problems, outcomes, unknown words, to discover.
Expository elements would include who, what, when, where, why,
Then have each student write a gist statement by making a
prediction about the plot of the story or the main idea of the text
using as many vocabulary words as possible.
Have the students read the story or text and compare their
gist statements to the version they predicted.
Then have the students modify their predicted story or text to
make it a summary paragraph.
to Use with this lesson:
What? Prediction means to make a guess about what happens next. We
anticipate how our world will be, by understanding and
interpreting the evidence presented to us. Without the
ability to predict there can be no comprehension. (Smith, 1995, in
Burke, 2000) In order to predict, students must be actively
engaged with the text or lesson. Able readers do this
naturally, others must be taught to think this way. Even
with content area materials, students need to be able to predict
what the outcome of certain actions might be (cause & effect,
In literature, prediction can be
viewed as determining a character’s response, or predicting plot
outcomes. These predictions can then be used to construct a
response to literature, or a literary analysis paper.