Criteria from Philosophies of Art

(Paraphrased from Art: Images and Ideas by Laura H. Chapman)

Art experts believe that you need to know criteria from philosophies of art to make sound judgments of art.

A philosophy of art states how people should think about or judge it.  Philosophers of art are called aestheticians.  They study the history of ideas about art.

Most aestheticians agree that there are four traditional philosophies of art and how to judge it: art as imitation, art as expression, art as formal order and art as instrumental.  Click on each of the links below to learn more.

Art as Imitation

Art as Expression

Art as Formal Order

Art as Instrumental

Check for Understanding!

When students have demonstrated that they understand the different forms of Art Criticism please answer Questions 8, 9 and 10 on the Study Guide.  Click on the "NEXT" button to move on to the "Philosophies Section."

Your training is almost complete.  You are ready to move on to the "Summary Section."